骑自行车在一个城市。

Risk management through land-use planning

Written by Helena Paulsson
Future Cities blog #11 Risk management through land-use planning
The societies of today are complex, with many dependencies. Therefore, risk management must be a joint effort - and land-use planning is an important element.

没有一个利益相关者可以在社会中表现所有风险管理,但都可以贡献。这些过程需要由一些中央当局和组织促进,但在本地进行。

如果我们未能考虑计划城市的全部威胁,我们冒险俯瞰潜在的毁灭事件,我们允许漏洞建立在周围环境中。这在规划关键社会功能时尤其重要,例如供水,通信基础设施和应急服务设施 - 我们依赖的功能,以确保当前和未来公民的安全。

最近thesis, it was concluded that existing knowledge risk and vulnerability is not being utilised in land-use planning, especially as it relates to critical societal functions. As edifices were often planned and designed when flooding and climate change was not yet perceived as an issue, they tend to be located outside of densely populated areas. But if, for instance, a hospital is placed on a flood plain, this poses a risk not only to the hospital as a building, but to everyone served by that hospital.

此外,在这种相互连接的世界中,基础设施的设施或元素的脆弱性取决于其环境。通过周围环境的变化,可以增加风险和漏洞以及减少。骰子的卷,除非实践了结构化土地使用规划。因此,在土地使用计划过程中存在未使用的潜力,并且只需涉及参与者了解当地漏洞的知识即可获得很多。

我们最重要的建筑物和结构的风险管理似乎受到缺乏洞察力的阻碍,以及应涉及哪些方面的职位,以及他们的角色,责任和任务应该是什么。核心问题是:如果我们不利用有关如何防止风险和漏洞的大量现有知识,我们是否可以诚实地说我们正在尽力保护引用免受事故和危机?

In this interconnected society, we need to broaden our perspective and improve our knowledge of how one field of expertise affects another. But most importantly: when planning our cities, we need to utilise the risk management expertise already available, to avoid re-inventing the wheel.

Authors: Louise Ekvall & Erik Nilsson, thesis workers, Safety

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Head of Urban Development

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